Surgery Procedures

Medical Conditions

Surgery Procedures

Articles on Surgery and Medical Procedures:

Acute Appendicitis

Francis C. Evans, M.D. FACS Acute appendicitis is a very common emergency, presenting with equal likelihood at any stage in one’s life. The appendix is a vestigial organ, and has no function in humans. Arising from the very beginning of the large intestine (colon), it can become blocked by fecal matter, preventing drainage, leading to Read more

Carotid Endarterectomy

Contributing Author, Cardiothoracic Surgeon The word carotid is derived from the Greek term karotide or karos meaning to stupefy or plunge into deep sleep. The term was applied to the arteries of the neck because compression of these vessels during combat produced stupor or sleep. The 31st metope from the south side of the Parthenon Read more

Compartment Syndrome

SAMUEL E. GREENBERG, M.D. Summary: Compartment Syndrome is a condition characterized by an elevation of the interstitial pressure within the closed confines of the skeletal muscle/fascia compartment. This pressure elevation is caused by trauma or excessive muscle activity resulting in excessive fluid or blood accumulation within this closed space and when the pressure exceeds the Read more

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)

Contributing Author, Cardiothoracic Surgeon Most patients learn of their need for coronary artery surgery after they present to the ER complaining of chest pain, shortness of breath or pain radiating to their jaw or down the left arm. Other patients notice a pressure-like sensation often described as an elephant standing on their chest. An EKG Read more


Francis C. Evans, M.D., FACS The change from traditional open, large incision surgery to minimally invasive techniques is likely to be recorded as the most significant advance in the surgical art of the last part of the 20th century. Key to this trend is laparoscopy. Looking into the abdomen (the true meaning of the term Read more

Surgery for Breast Lumps

Francis C. Evans, M.D. FACS When a lump is found in a woman’s breast, and it is not a fluid-filled cyst, it usually requires removal, both for diagnosis to see whether or not it might be a cancer, and for treatment. Surgery to remove or biopsy breast lesions is relative simple, not usually associated with Read more


Contributing Author, Cardiothoracic Surgeon Thoracoscopic surgery of the chest was first described in terms of its original concept in 1922 by Dr. Jacobaeus. He was far ahead of his time in terms of originality of thought and almost 50 years ahead of the technology needed to make this exciting new diagnostic and therapeutic tool available Read more